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Vertical Floral Design Mechanics

Height is fascinating, Don’t you think? There are skyscrapers, sky diving also of course the stiletto heel!

Floral designs are no exception to this fascination. This year vertical arrangements are surging in popularity. Height in floral designs commands attention furthermore the practical benefit of using less surface space.

Buildings and shoes, require solving mechanical challenges. Likewise creating vertical flower designs. These include keeping flowers upright, designs from tipping over also providing a water supply.

What different techniques can you use to create vertical designs for Mother’s Day—and weddings, events or any occasion? How can you reduce time and also material costs?

And how did Hitomi Gilliam AIFD create her lush vertical designs shown here?

Mechanics and techniques differ

Design techniques for vertical designs can depend on the style you create. The focus of this article is on designs that rest on a surface.

How can you create tall arrangements?

  • Use tall stems in a secure foam base.
  • Stack foam (see Hitomi’s design below) to create a tower.
  • Use tall cylinders as the base or stack a set of foam-filled container to achieve height.
  • Create a structure from mesh. Mesh can be spiralled to create height or attached to supports. Your water source from a variety of floral foam shapes or water tubes.
  • Place designs on pedestals or other support structures.

Hitomi’s elegant towers

Hitomi’s two designs are excellent examples of vertical designs, where elements extend just barely, or not at all, beyond the width of the container.

Vertical Floral Design Mechanics
For this vertical modern mass design, Hitomi built a foam tower with vertical floral and support materials. Flowers were inserted horizontally to offer the full visual value of each bloom.

Hitomi recommends using a tall cement container to anchor the heavy wet foam tower. “The space inside the container surrounding the tower is filled with wet foam wedged tight all around with added river rock,” she adds.

Foundation and support

Here’s how to build a stacked-foam vertical design like Hitomi’s:

  • Choose a container large enough to hold water flowing down the foam.
  • Position two layers of Styrofoam securely in the bottom of a container for the foundation.
  • Cut floral foam bricks into the shape of a square cylinder and stack to make a tower.
  • Place plastic sheet between blocks to retain moisture.
  • For support, insert into the Styrofoam base on all four sides of the stack. Any sturdy material such as sticks, branches. Also bamboo, river cane or acrylic rods vertically and pan-glue.
  • Encircle the stacked foam from top to bottom with waterproof floral tape, leaving open space to insert flowers.
  • Insert large leaf stems into the base foam and lay them vertically against the taped foam to cover mechanics as a result adding texture.
  • Place any stiff foliage spines against the corners of the foam structure clear of insertions.
  • To help secure decorative materials in place, wrap bullion around the foam structure.
  • Fill in with flowers. Stems can be inserted through the leaves into the foam.

Upscale your design by stacking more blocks of foam.

Downside by adding randomly spaced smaller foams to a base structure like mesh. Visually connect these with floral materials.

A tower from mesh

Tower from mesh
Photo: Hitomi Gilliam AIFD

This awesome Hitomi vertical arrangement features water tubes on floral wire mesh.

The benefits of this vertical structure? Mesh allows for a less dense and also lighter weight design as a result requiring fewer flowers. Most noteworthy spacing flowers farther apart in glass tubes creates even more transparency.

Stabilising rods or floral materials can be positioned inside and outside also lashed to the container wall.

Budget-friendly vertical designs

Vertical Floral Design Mechanics

If flower-filled vertical designs like Hitomi’s above are too expensive for a client, you have options. A simpler vertical design using the natural height of your flowers. Allowing you to create higher perceived value with fewer stems.


Vertical Floral Design Mechanics

The flowers in this arrangement visually move upward from the container in a static line. The dynamic lines of curving curly willow are added in juxtaposition, creating visual drama with lively lines.

If the size or number of stems seems excessive for the amount of floral foam, add florist netting over the foam and tape in place.


Create a cohesive design

Vertical Floral Design Mechanics

This design is visibly cohesive because it exhibits unity and harmony.

One unifying element is texture from the materials, creating richness. The visual harmony comes from combining the tactile qualities of rough versus smooth, small versus large, tall versus compact, thin versus wide and so on.

To anchor thick and woody stems securely in foam, cut them at a sharp angle on both sides, like the point of an arrow.


Which style of vertical designs do you think your clientele will prefer?

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